Surrounded by Agricultural Heritage
We invite you to take a step back in time as you explore the Interpretive Gardens and historic landmarks. Great care has been taken to plant and preserve crops native to Daufuskie Island. Crops of Indigo, Sea Island Cotton, and Carolina Gold Rice have been planted on the property as well as a small vineyard of Scuppernong grapes that are used for making wine on the Island. Explore the property at your own leisure. As you explore the property, for your safety and the preservation of our gardens and surrounding historic sites, please stay within the designated viewing areas at all times. Alligators, snakes, birds, and other wildlife may be present. Please keep your distance and do not feed the wildlife.
The scuppernong, aka "scupanon", is a large variety of muscadine (Vitis rotundifolia), a species of grape native to the Southern US, similar in color and texture to the white grape. The grapes produced here on property will be harvested and used to make scuppernong wine, just like Pappy Burn in the mid-1900s.
"Almost an Angel" Oak TREE
This 300 year old Oak Tree's massive, outstretched limbs twist and cascade gracefully from its thick trunk almost all the way to the ground. We call it "Almost an Angel" since Angel Oak Tree branches will typically touch the ground and regenerate new limbs. As you will see, the branches of this mighty Angel Oak never actually touch the ground.
Carolina Gold Rice
In 1685, a distressed merchant ship paid for repairs in Charleston with a small quantity of rice seed from Madagascar. Dr. Henry Woodward planted the seed in South Carolina, beginning the state's 200 year history as the leading rice producer in the United States. At the turn of the century, Southern rice cultivation ended because of market conditions and competition.
Sea Island Cotton
This strain of silky cotton is unique to the Lowcountry and served as a lucrative crop for local planters. It was first imported a subvariety of Gossypium Bardadense to grow at Myrtle Bank on Hilton Head Island in 1790. Many island planters treasured their particular strain of cotton seed, jealously guarding it and handing it down through the generations.
In 1742, agriculture in South Carolina changed dramatically when Eliza Lucas, the 16-year-old daughter of a wealthy planter, successfully cultivated indigo for the first time in the American colonies. Because the rich, blue dye extracted from the indigo plant was rare and expensive, it was a symbol of status and wealth and in high demand in Europe.
Eagle Nest Viewing
Not a crop, but you may spot one of these during your tour. The Bald Eagle is the largest of the birds of prey that live in the Lowcountry, with a wingspan of about 74", and weighing up to 7 lbs. Eagles prefer to nest in a large tree with an open limb structure, near water, and good view of the surrounding area. The nest is made of large sticks and lined with softer material, and is reused for many years.